59-64 cm. [25], Smooth-coated otter in Kabini River, India, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Revision of the Genera and Species of Mustelidae contained in the British Museum", "Notes on some British Indian otters, with descriptions of two new subspecies", "The Status of the Iraq Smooth-coated Otter, "Phylogeography of the smooth-coated otter (, "Key Biodiversity Survey of Southern Iraq: 2009 Site Review", "Fishing with Otters: a Traditional Conservation Practice in Bangladesh", "Some observations on otters at Kuala Gula, Perak and National Park, Pahang", "Aspects of Preying Behaviour of Smooth Coated Otters, "Observations of the Variation in Group Structure of two Urban Smooth-Coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata Groups in the Central Watershed of Singapore", "The urban Smooth‐coated otters Lutrogale perspicillata of Singapore: a review of the reasons for success", "Seizure Of Live Otters In Bangkok Airport, Thailand", "CITES CoP 2019: Otters given highest protection from trade", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Smooth-coated_otter&oldid=992433655, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 06:57. But Asian small-clawed otters, a … [1], It occurs in areas where fresh water is plentiful — wetlands and seasonal swamps, rivers, lakes, and rice paddies. The proposal to list the otters was floated by Bangladesh, India, Nepal and the Philippines. [4] Although it is often found in saltwater near the coast, especially on smaller islands, it requires a nearby source of fresh water. Most of their foraging activity is in water. [22], Six juvenile smooth-coated otters were discovered in a bag left at Bangkok airport in January 2013. This animal’s front legs are shorter than its rear legs, which helps with swimming, and its thick, conical tail is more flattened than in other otters, especially at the end. However, typically they are in the water more than half of the day. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Lutrogale was proposed as generic name by John Edward Gray in 1865 for otters with a convex forehead and nose, using perspicillata as type species. These otters live in small streams, rivers, marshes, rice paddies, seacoasts and in mangroves. The odour is secreted from scent glands in … The male is larger but the female is the dominant one in the group. During the rice planting season, they also hunt rats in rice fields. Three subspecies are recognised:[2], The smooth-coated otter groups with the Asian small-clawed otter and the African clawless otter into a sister clade to the genus Lutra. [10][16], In Kuala Selangor Nature Park, an otter group was observed hunting. The smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) is a species of otter, the only extant representative of the genus Lutrogale.The species is found in most of the Indian Subcontinent and eastwards to Southeast Asia, with a disjunct population in Iraq. They rest on sandy riverbanks and establish their dens under tree roots or among boulders. They may either construct such a burrow themselves, or they may take over an abandoned one. These animals in Malaysia are more abundant in the mangrove forests than in the river systems. There are no estimates of population numbers for Smooth-coated otter. They suddenly dived and grasped the fish with their snouts. When they fish, they travel upstream in a V-formation. During this season, they are disturbed by humans harvesting crops and removing wood along rocky stretches of the river. The resulting offspring and their descendants bred back into the smooth-coated otter population, but maintained the genes of their small-clawed otter ancestors. The two otter species — smooth-coated otters, known to hunt fish cooperatively in the wild, and Asian short-clawed otters, which feed individually on … Poaching occurs, primarily in India, Bangladesh and Nepal. The father is permitted to join the group once the pups are weaned, whereupon he helps provide food for them. Copulation occurs in water and lasts less than one minute. Trapping of otters is prevalent in India, Nepal, and Bangladesh. Lutra cinerea was the scientific name proposed by Johann Karl Wilhelm Illiger in 1815 for an otter collected in Batavia. They share their habitat with three other species of … In the 19th and 20th centuries, several zoological specimens were described, including: The Eurasian Otter is widespread with five sub-species. oriental small-clawed otter -amblonyx cinerea-, adult, at the water, native to asia, captive, australia - small clawed otter stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Lutra perspicillata was the scientific name proposed by Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in 1826 for a brown otter collected in Sumatra. It had been listed on CITES Appendix II since 1977. Sea otters breed throughout the year. These animals are active, hunting in groups both during the night and the day. [18] Lutra perspicillata was the scientific name proposed by Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in 1826 for a brown otter collected in Sumatra. The smooth-coated ones grow up to about a metre long and weigh about 11kg. [21], The smooth-coated otter is threatened by poaching, loss and destruction of wetlands, as these are converted for settlements, agriculture and hydroelectric projects; water courses are being polluted by pesticides such as chlorinated hydrocarbons and organophosphates. Large-scale hydroelectric projects and land clearance for agriculture and settlement have had a major impact on this otter, as has habitat degradation due to water pollution from fertilizers and pesticides. The young are weaned after five months. Otters have been photographed engaging in human-like behaviors including holding hands. An isolated population is also found in the marshes of Iraq. Instead, their fur keeps them warm. … The largest recorded wild-born litter of seven pups was observed in Singapore in November 2017. They mark their playground by urinating and sprainting on rocks or vegetation. [10], The population in the Mesopotamian Marshes was feared to have perished, but otter tracks were found in 2009, suggesting the population may have survived. Its tail is flattened, in contrast to the more rounded tails of other otters. Then they moved ashore, tossed the fish up a little on the muddy part of the bank, and swallowed it head‑first in one piece. Lutrogale was proposed as generic name by John Edward Gray in 1865 for otters with a convex forehead and nose, using perspicillata as type species. The largest individuals occupied the middle section. When swimming slowly, the otter uses all four of its paws to ‘doggy paddle’, but when swimming fast, it tucks its shorter front paws in, and uses its webbed hind feet and its tail for propulsion. Small fish they swallow whole, but they take large fish to shore. Smooth-Coated Otter on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smooth-coated_otter, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/12427/0. Smooth-coated Otters are found in the southwest area of Yunnan province and the coastal area of Guandong. They share their habitat with three other species of otter: Eurasian, smooth coated … They demonstrate a high climatic and trophic adaptability, occurring from tropical coastal wetlands up to mountain streams. Small-clawed otters and to a lesser extent the three other otter species found in Southeast Asia—the Eurasian otter, the smooth-coated otter, and the hairy-nosed otter… They formed an undulating, slightly V-shaped line, pointing in the direction of movement and nearly as wide as the creek. Hybridisation of smooth-coated otter males with Asian small-clawed otter females occurred in Singapore. In Nepal, seizures of otter pelts summed up to 755 within the period 1989-2017iii. Asian short-clawed otters learn from each other when solving puzzles to get food, a new study shows. At one year old, young often disperse to find a home range of their own. Population number. In this formation, they undulated wildly through the creek, causing panic‑stricken fish to jump out of the water a few metres ahead. Smooth-Coated Otter Wikipedia article -, 2. The mothers give birth to and raise their young in a burrow near water. LENGTH. At least seven smooth-coated otters were offered for sale through websites by traders in Thailand and Malaysia between 2016 and 2017. [23] It is a relatively large otter, from 7 to 11 kg (15 to 24 lb) in weight and 59 to 64 cm (23 to 25 in) in head-body length, with a tail 37 to 43 cm (15 to 17 in) long. The smooth-coated otter has a short and sleek fur that is dark to reddish brown along the back, but light brown to almost grey on the underside. Otters are the only known marine animals with no blubber. Smooth-coated otters are adapted to water but are equally comfortable being on land and are able to travel long distances overland when seeking a suitable habitat. Species: Asian Small-clawed, Smooth-coated and Eurasian Otter. [1], Along the Chambal River in India, smooth-coated otters are most vulnerable during winter when they rear young. ... North American, spot-necked, smooth, and marine otters in North American zoological facilities mate during winter and spring. [11] Skins of smooth-coated otters were found during surveys between 2005 and 2012 in the vicinity of Hammar and Hawizeh Marshes. The smooth-coated otter and the Asian small-clawed otter are now on the CITES list of animals with the highest level of protection from the wildlife trade. Previously, smooth-coated otters were mostly sighted in the mangroves, mudflats and coastal areas such as Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Pasir Ris, … Where it is the only occurring otter species, it lives in almost any suitable habitat. Otters are very intelligent creatures, being able to create and use tools, as do beavers, monkeys, and apes. As its name indicates, the fur of this species is smoother and shorter than that of other otters. Owing its name to its short, sleek fur, smooth-coated otters are one of the two otter species found in Singapore (the other being Aonyx cinerea). [24], The smooth-coated otter is a protected species in most range countries and listed globally as a vulnerable species. Hunting is not, however, the main cause of the dwindling numbers. - small clawed otter stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. This species attains reproductive maturity when they are 22 months old. (Asian small-clawed otters), and Lutrogale perspicillata (smooth-coated otters). Oriental short-clawed otters have been hunted for their dense, velvety pelts, which like those of all otters, are dense with a velvety texture. Females have two pairs of teats.[2]. The Smooth-Coated Otter is generally brown dorsally, with a lighter underside and throat. Habitat: Otters as wetland Ambassadors’The smooth-coated otter occurs along the large rivers and lakes, in mangrove forests along the coast and estuaries, and in Southeast Asia it even uses the rice fields for foraging . The pups are blind and helpless when born, their eyes opening at four weeks. No estimate of population size is available for Oriental small-clawed otters. They feed mainly on fish including Trichogaster, climbing gourami and catfish. In the 19th and 20th centuries, several zoological specimens were described, including: The smooth-coated otter is the only living species in the genus Lutrogale. Snakes, amphibians and insects constitute a small portion of their diet. These animals love to sunbathe during the day, and at night they are very active. They are distantly related to the skunk. Observations in Peninsular Malaysia indicate that they are active foremost during the day, with a short rest during midday. Asian small-clawed otters eat shellfish and crabs, while smooth-coated otters pursue fish. [13][14], They communicate through vocalisations such as whistles, chirps, and wails. 1. [8], In southern Bangladesh, smooth-coated otters are used for commercial fishing. [15] Especially in areas where they share habitat with other otter species, they prefer larger fish, typically between 5 and 30 cm (2.0 and 11.8 in) in length. Asian small-clawed otters are found in southern India, southern China, Southeast Asia, Indonesia and the Philippines. [2] Tracks and scat found in Erbil Province were also thought to have been left by smooth-coated otters. In India, Pakistan and Bangladesh fishermen will train these cooperative animals to drive the fish into their nets. Asian Small-clawed Otters occur along the southern boundary of China. However, the IUCN Otter Specialist Group thinks that the decline of both Asian small-clawed and smooth-coated otters has been even more precipitous than … The Asian Small-clawed Otter is the smallest of all otters, measuring a mere 65-90cm, and hardly ever reaching 5kg. The levels of international trade are little known for either the Small-clawed Otter or the Smooth-coated Otter, but research undertaken by TRAFFIC in collaboration with the IUCN Otter Specialist Group and other partners has found both species severely impacted by illegal trade in several Asian markets. They reach adult size at about a year of age, and sexual maturity at two or three years. They communicate through the use of scent, within the otter species, as well as with other animals. Asian small-clawed otters are found in southern India, southern China, Southeast Asia, Indonesia and the Philippines. They are … It is distinguished from other otter species by its more rounded head and a hairless nose in the shape of a distorted diamond. There are two species of otters here - the smooth-coated and the small-clawed otters. Nights are spent in dens that they dig in dense vegetation, among boulders or under tree roots. The males are larger than the females. Compared to other otter species, the Asian small-clawed otter spends more time on land than in the water. [2], Smooth-coated otters were observed to forage on river banks among tree trunks. The smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) is an otter species occurring in most of the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, with a disjunct population in Iraq. Otters are indiscriminately killed especially at aquaculture sites. asian small-clawed otters (aonyx cinerea) at the sunset zoo. Unlike the Eurasian Otter its front feet are only partially webbed, but it has short claws for digging in the mud and lifting rocks. It can close its ears and nostrils underwater. The smooth-coated otters were residents in the Sungei Buloh Wetlands Reserve in 1998, and the small … The Smooth-coated otter lives in southern and Southeast Asia, China, and India, and in Iraq there is a small population. Small-clawed otters prefer shallow water, with a good food supply, and moderate to low bankside vegetation. Family groups which include the breeding pair with up to four young born in previous seasons may nest and hunt together within a territory measuring 7 – 12 km². Rounder heads and flatter tails are two characteristics by which one may distinguish this otter species. Today, a population of at least 60 hybrid otters exists in Singapore. Play by this definition is seen in otters such as the Asian small-clawed and smooth-coated otters, who are both known to “juggle” with rocks. 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